What are treatment options for people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder
A person who has undergone a life threatening event or one which has scarred them deeply may suffer from post-traumatic stress. Even if a person hasn’t been directly affected by the event, the stress is so deep that they find themselves unable to cope with everyday tasks with ease or to live a productive life.
The following are some of the symptoms for someone suffering from post-traumatic stress:
- They may suffer from insomnia or lack of sleep
- Flash backs or nightmares related to the event
- The hock might cause a memory loss
- Depression and anxiety
The only way to treat the above mentioned symptoms is short term psychotherapy and medications. After treatment individuals find it easier to come to terms with their memories and learn new ways to tackle those when required.
Therapy as a treatment option
The main goals for those undergoing trauma therapy include:
- Help improve the above mentioned symptoms
- Provide coping mechanisms
- Improve feelings of depression and anxiety
Most of these therapies are associated with cognitive behaviour therapy. The basic idea is to help individuals overcome memories which are providing a challenge for them. It would include talks with your psychologist regarding what one has been through. Therapy can involve both, individual sessions or group sessions.
Treatment through Cognitive processing therapy
CPT is an extended session which lasts around twelve weeks. The first few sessions would include detailed talk with your therapist regarding the event and how it has affected you. You would be asked to write in detail about how you have been affected by the event.
If you blame yourself for what happened, your therapist would help you realize the event was not your fault at all. This will help you move forward and learn to lie life on your own terms.
Prolonged exposure therapy as a treatment option
Prolonged exposure therapy is for those who have been avoiding even thinking about the event. Your therapist would expose you to those memories, meanwhile also teaching you breathing techniques to help deal with your anxiety.
Eye movement de-sensitisation and reprocessing
This therapy does not involve telling the therapist regarding your experience. You would however be asked to focused on the event while you watch or listen to something which they would do. The sessions usually last three months and the goal is to help you overcome your memories.
Medications as a treatment option
The chemical balance in the brain might become dis-balanced. Often the chemicals in the brain causes people to go into a fight or flight mode. Constantly battling those can lead to a person becoming cold and unfeeling. The medications would help deal with the chemical dis-balance by helping restore some sort of normality. People may be suggested antidepressants. It all actually depend on what would work for an individual case. What works for one person doesn’t necessarily work for the other.